Note: Joel 2, 3 Included for additional Study...
I. THE FIFTH TRUMPET JUDGMENT 9:1-12
II. THE SIXTH TRUMPET JUDGMENT 9:13-21
At the blowing of the fifth trumpet John sees that a star had fallen from heaven upon the earth. The word in verse 1 should be translated "had fallen," because the verb is in the perfect tense, completed action in past time. John saw the star after it had fallen. The word star does not mean a literal star since the star is given the key to the freatoV thV abussou, "pit of the abyss." The key means authority, and star means a great one. Satan's angels are referred to as stars in 12:4-9. The star of verse one is identified with the king over the locusts in verse 11. Verse 11 identifies him as the angel of the bottomless pit whose Hebrew name is Abaddon and his Greek name is Apollyon, meaning the destroyer The pit is opened, and out of it rises smoke that gives the air a dark color and screens the sun's rays from the earth. Out of the smoke come locusts which cause indescribable pain and misery to people on the earth. Some think that the angel of verse one is the same angel that binds Satan at the beginning of the millennium in 20:1-3. This is not likely because the angel of verse one fell to the earth.
The sixth trumpet sounds and the command is given to release the four angels bound at the Euphrates river. These are fallen angels, because their purpose is to destroy people. The second woe comes, and John sees an army of 200,000,000 creatures resembling horses except their heads are like lions which breathed fire and brimstone, and their tails are like serpents with heads. The riders have breastplates of fire, smoke and brimstone. Their number is 200,000,000. A fourth of the inhabitants of the earth has been slain, 6:8. Now these horsemen will slay one third of those remaining. After this those who remain alive still do not repent.
TEXT w/Scofield Notes
(Rev 9:1 KJV) And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit.
1 "ANGEL": See Heb 1:4, note
2 "STAR": 8:10; cp. Isa 14:12 -14
(Rev 9:2 KJV) And he opened the bottomless pit; and there arose a smoke out of the pit, as the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of the pit.
1 "PIT": Joel 2:10; cp. Rev 21:24
(Rev 9:3 KJV) And there came out of the smoke locusts upon the earth: and unto them was given power, as the scorpions of the earth have power.
1 "EARTH": Cp. Num 21:6
(Rev 9:4 KJV) And it was commanded them that they should not hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green thing, neither any tree; but only those men which have not the seal of God in their foreheads.
1 "THING": Cp. 8:7
2 "FOREHEADS": Rev 7:2 - 3; cp. Rev 13:16 - 17
(Rev 9:5 KJV) And to them it was given that they should not kill them, but that they should be tormented five months: and their torment was as the torment of a scorpion, when he striketh a man.
(Rev 9:6 KJV) And in those days shall men seek death, and shall not find it; and shall desire to die, and death shall flee from them.
1 "SEEK": Cp. Jer 8:3
2 "DEATH": <Death> (physical): v. 6; Rev 11:7. (Gen 2:17; Heb 9:27, note)
(Rev 9:7 KJV) And the shapes of the locusts were like unto horses prepared unto battle; and on their heads were as it were crowns like gold, and their faces were as the faces of men.
1 "HORSES": Cp. Joel 2:4
2 "CROWNS": Cp. Nah 3:17
(Rev 9:8 KJV) And they had hair as the hair of women, and their teeth were as the teeth of lions.
1 "TEETH": Cp. Joel 1:6
(Rev 9:9 KJV) And they had breastplates, as it were breastplates of iron; and the sound of their wings was as the sound of chariots of many horses running to battle.
1 "BREASTPLATES": v. 17; cp. Eph 6:14
2 "CHARIOTS": Cp. Joel 2:5
(Rev 9:10 KJV) And they had tails like unto scorpions, and there were stings in their tails: and their power was to hurt men five months.
(Rev 9:11 KJV) And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon.
1 "KING": Cp. John 14:30; Eph 2:2
2 "ANGEL": See Heb 1:4, note
3 "ABADDON": Cp. Job 26:6; 1 Pet 5:8
(Rev 9:12 KJV) One woe is past; and, behold, there come two woes more hereafter.
1 "WOE": Rev 8:13
(Rev 9:13 KJV) And the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God,
1 "ANGEL": See Heb 1:4, note
2 "GOLDEN": Rev 8:3
(Rev 9:14 KJV) Saying to the sixth angel which had the trumpet, Loose the four angels which are bound in the great river Euphrates.
1 "EUPHRATES": The Euphrates River, mentioned in the Bible as early as the Garden of Eden (Gen 2:14) and on which were such famous cities of the ancient world as Babylon, Nippur, and Ur, was the northeastern boundary of the land promised to Israel (Gen 15:18; cp. Deu 1:7; Josh 1:4; 1 Ki 4:21,24; etc.) as well as the eastern boundary of the Roman Empire. It was generally considered the boundary separating the East from the West (Ezra 4:10 - 11; Neh 2:9; etc.).
The army described in Rev 9:16 - 19 is a military host coming from the Orient across the Euphrates River (cp. 16:12). The loosing of the angels (9:14 - 15) and the drying up of the Euphrates (16:12) are a preparation for the invasion of the Holy Land by the "kings of the East" (16:12) in anticipation of the battle of Armageddon (16:14 - 16).
(Rev 9:15 KJV) And the four angels were loosed, which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, for to slay the third part of men.
1 "ANGELS": See Heb 1:4, note
2 "THIRD": Rev 8:7 - 9
(Rev 9:16 KJV) And the number of the army of the horsemen were two hundred thousand thousand: and I heard the number of them.
(Rev 9:17 KJV) And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates of fire, and of jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the horses were as the heads of lions; and out of their mouths issued fire and smoke and brimstone.
1 "BREASTPLATES": v. 9
2 "HEADS": Cp. Isa 5:25 - 30
3 "FIRE": Cp. Ps 27:2,12; Acts 9:1
(Rev 9:18 KJV) By these three was the third part of men killed, by the fire, and by the smoke, and by the brimstone, which issued out of their mouths.
(Rev 9:19 KJV) For their power is in their mouth, and in their tails: for their tails were like unto serpents, and had heads, and with them they do hurt.
1 "SERPENTS": Cp. Isa 9:15; Mic 3:5
(Rev 9:20 KJV) And the rest of the men which were not killed by these plagues yet repented not of the works of their hands, that they should not worship devils, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood: which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk:
1 "WORSHIP": Cp. Deu 32:17; 1 Cor 10:20
2 "SEE": Cp. Ps 115:4 - 7
(Rev 9:21 KJV) Neither repented they of their murders, nor of their sorceries, nor of their fornication, nor of their thefts.
1 "SORCERIES": Rev 21:8
2 "FORNICATION": Cp. Rev 18:9
Joel 2 & 3
Text w/Scofield Notes
(Joel 2:1 KJV) Blow ye the trumpet in Zion, and sound an alarm in my holy mountain: let all the inhabitants of the land tremble: for the day of the LORD cometh, for it is nigh at hand;
(Joel 2:2 KJV) A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the morning spread upon the mountains: a great people and a strong; there hath not been ever the like, neither shall be any more after it, even to the years of many generations.
1 "STRONG": Joel 1:6
2 "GENERATIONS": Dan 12:1
(Joel 2:3 KJV) A fire devoureth before them; and behind them a flame burneth: the land is as the garden of Eden before them, and behind them a desolate wilderness; yea, and nothing shall escape them.
1 "EDEN": Gen 2:8; 13:10; Isa 51:3
(Joel 2:4 KJV) The appearance of them is as the appearance of horses; and as horsemen, so shall they run.
1 "HORSES": Cp. Rev 9:7 - 9
(Joel 2:5 KJV) Like the noise of chariots on the tops of mountains shall they leap, like the noise of a flame of fire that devoureth the stubble, as a strong people set in battle array.
(Joel 2:6 KJV) Before their face the people shall be much pained: all faces shall gather blackness.
(Joel 2:7 KJV) They shall run like mighty men; they shall climb the wall like men of war; and they shall march every one on his ways, and they shall not break their ranks:
1 "RANKS": Prov 30:27
(Joel 2:8 KJV) Neither shall one thrust another; they shall walk every one in his path: and when they fall upon the sword, they shall not be wounded.
(Joel 2:9 KJV) They shall run to and fro in the city; they shall run upon the wall, they shall climb up upon the houses; they shall enter in at the windows like a thief.
(Joel 2:10 KJV) The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw their shining:
1 "DARK": Isa 13:10; Joel 3:15
(Joel 2:11 KJV) And the LORD shall utter his voice before his army: for his camp is very great: for he is strong that executeth his word: for the day of the LORD is great and very terrible; and who can abide it?
1 "VOICE": Jer 25:30; Joel 3:16; Amos 1:2
2 "ARMY": In vv. 1 - 10 the advancing locust plague becomes illustrative of an invading army. (A locust's head resembles a horse's head in miniature.) Verse 11 states that the LORD will bring this army against His people to discipline them for their sin unless they open their hearts in abject and full repentance (vv. 12 - 17). Only thus can the invasion of the northern (Assyrian) army be averted (v. 20).
3 "LORD": Jer 30:7; Amos 5:18; Zeph 1:15
(Joel 2:12 KJV) Therefore also now, saith the LORD, turn ye even to me with all your heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning:
1 "HEART": Deu 4:29; Jer 4:1; Ezek 33:11; Hos 12:6; 14:1
(Joel 2:13 KJV) And rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto the LORD your God: for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of the evil.
1 "EVIL": See Zech 8:14, note
(Joel 2:14 KJV) Who knoweth if he will return and repent, and leave a blessing behind him; even a meat offering and a drink offering unto the LORD your God?
(Joel 2:15 KJV) Blow the trumpet in Zion, sanctify a fast, call a solemn assembly:
(Joel 2:16 KJV) Gather the people, sanctify the congregation, assemble the elders, gather the children, and those that suck the breasts: let the bridegroom go forth of his chamber, and the bride out of her closet.
(Joel 2:17 KJV) Let the priests, the ministers of the LORD, weep between the porch and the altar, and let them say, Spare thy people, O LORD, and give not thine heritage to reproach, that the heathen should rule over them: wherefore should they say among the people, Where is their God?
(Joel 2:18 KJV) Then will the LORD be jealous for his land, and pity his people.
(Joel 2:19 KJV) Yea, the LORD will answer and say unto his people, Behold, I will send you corn, and wine, and oil, and ye shall be satisfied therewith: and I will no more make you a reproach among the heathen:
(Joel 2:20 KJV) But I will remove far off from you the northern army, and will drive him into a land barren and desolate, with his face toward the east sea, and his hinder part toward the utmost sea, and his stink shall come up, and his ill savour shall come up, because he hath done great things.
(Joel 2:21 KJV) Fear not, O land; be glad and rejoice: for the LORD will do great things.
(Joel 2:22 KJV) Be not afraid, ye beasts of the field: for the pastures of the wilderness do spring, for the tree beareth her fruit, the fig tree and the vine do yield their strength.
(Joel 2:23 KJV) Be glad then, ye children of Zion, and rejoice in the LORD your God: for he hath given you the former rain moderately, and he will cause to come down for you the rain, the former rain, and the latter rain in the first month.
1 "RAIN": Deu 11:14; Jer 5:24; Hos 6:3; James 5:7
(Joel 2:24 KJV) And the floors shall be full of wheat, and the vats shall overflow with wine and oil.
(Joel 2:25 KJV) And I will restore to you the years that the locust hath eaten, the cankerworm, and the caterpillar, and the palmerworm, my great army which I sent among you.
(Joel 2:26 KJV) And ye shall eat in plenty, and be satisfied, and praise the name of the LORD your God, that hath dealt wondrously with you: and my people shall never be ashamed.
1 "ASHAMED": Isa 45:17
(Joel 2:27 KJV) And ye shall know that I am in the midst of Israel, and that I am the LORD your God, and none else: and my people shall never be ashamed.
1 "ASHAMED": Isa 45:6
(Joel 2:28 KJV) And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions:
1 "AND": vv. 28 - 32; Acts 2:17 - 21
2 "SPIRIT": Compare Acts 2:17. Peter did not state that Joel's prophecy was fulfilled on the day of Pentecost. The details of Joel 2:30 - 32 (cp. Acts 2:19 - 20) were not realized at that time. Peter quoted Joel's prediction as an illustration of what was taking place in his day, and as a guarantee that God would yet completely fulfill all that Joel had prophesied. The time of that fulfillment is stated here ("afterward," cp. Hos 3:5), i.e. in the latter days when Israel turns to the LORD. See also Gen 49:1, note.
<Holy Spirit> (O.T.): vv. 28 - 29; Mic 2:7. (Gen 1:2; Zech 12:10)
3 "FLESH": The fulfillment of Moses' desire (Num 11:29). Cp. Isa 32:15; 44:3 - 4; Ezek 36:27 - 28; 37:14; 39:29; Zech 12:10.
(Joel 2:29 KJV) And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit.
(Joel 2:30 KJV) And I will show wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke.
(Joel 2:31 KJV) The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come.
1 "LORD": <Day> (of the LORD): vv. 28 - 32; 3:9 - 21; Amos 5:18. (Ps 2:9; Rev 19:19)
(Joel 2:32 KJV) And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD shall be delivered: for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as the LORD hath said, and in the remnant whom the LORD shall call.
1 "REMNANT": <Remnant:> v. 32; Amos 5:15. (Isa 1:9; Rom 11:5, note)
(Joel 3:1 KJV) For, behold, in those days, and in that time, when I shall bring again the captivity of Judah and Jerusalem,
1 "TIME": <Judgments> (the seven): vv. 1 - 14; Mat 7:23. (2 Sam 7:14; Rev 20:12)
2 "WHEN": <Israel> (prophecies): vv. 1 - 8,15 - 20; Zech 10:6. (Gen 12:2; Rom 11:26)
(Joel 3:2 KJV) I will also gather all nations, and will bring them down into the valley of Jehoshaphat, and will plead with them there for my people and for my heritage Israel, whom they have scattered among the nations, and parted my land.
1 "VALLEY": v. 12
(Joel 3:3 KJV) And they have cast lots for my people; and have given a boy for an harlot, and sold a girl for wine, that they might drink.
(Joel 3:4 KJV) Yea, and what have ye to do with me, O Tyre, and Zidon, and all the coasts of Palestine? will ye render me a recompense? and if ye recompense me, swiftly and speedily will I return your recompense upon your own head;
(Joel 3:5 KJV) Because ye have taken my silver and my gold, and have carried into your temples my goodly pleasant things:
(Joel 3:6 KJV) The children also of Judah and the children of Jerusalem have ye sold unto the Grecians, that ye might remove them far from their border.
(Joel 3:7 KJV) Behold, I will raise them out of the place whither ye have sold them, and will return your recompense upon your own head:
(Joel 3:8 KJV) And I will sell your sons and your daughters into the hand of the children of Judah, and they shall sell them to the Sabeans, to a people far off: for the LORD hath spoken it.
(Joel 3:9 KJV) Proclaim ye this among the Gentiles; Prepare war, wake up the mighty men, let all the men of war draw near; let them come up:
1 "PREPARE": Verses 9 - 15 refer to Armageddon; vv. 15 - 21 are parallel with 2:30 - 32.
Lit. <Sanctify,> i.e. by sacrifices and proper rites. Jer 6:4, cp. 1 Sam 7:8 - 9
2 "WAR": <Armageddon> (battle of): vv. 9 - 14; Obad 15. (Isa 10:27; Rev 19:17)
(Joel 3:10 KJV) Beat your plowshares into swords, and your pruninghooks into spears: let the weak say, I am strong.
(Joel 3:11 KJV) Assemble yourselves, and come, all ye heathen, and gather yourselves together round about: thither cause thy mighty ones to come down, O LORD.
(Joel 3:12 KJV) Let the heathen be wakened, and come up to the valley of Jehoshaphat: for there will I sit to judge all the heathen round about.
1 "SIT": <Kingdom> (O.T.): vv. 16 - 21; Amos 9:11. (Gen 1:26; Zech 12:8)
2 "JUDGE": <Times of the Gentiles:> vv. 2,11 - 14; Luke 21:24. (Deu 28:49; Rev 16:19)
(Joel 3:13 KJV) Put ye in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, get you down; for the press is full, the vats overflow; for their wickedness is great.
1 "RIPE": Rev 14:17 - 20
(Joel 3:14 KJV) Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision: for the day of the LORD is near in the valley of decision.
(Joel 3:15 KJV) The sun and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their shining.
(Joel 3:16 KJV) The LORD also shall roar out of Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the heavens and the earth shall shake: but the LORD will be the hope of his people, and the strength of the children of Israel.
(Joel 3:17 KJV) So shall ye know that I am the LORD your God dwelling in Zion, my holy mountain: then shall Jerusalem be holy, and there shall no strangers pass through her any more.
1 "MOUNTAIN": Obad 16; Zech 8:3
(Joel 3:18 KJV) And it shall come to pass in that day, that the mountains shall drop down new wine, and the hills shall flow with milk, and all the rivers of Judah shall flow with waters, and a fountain shall come forth of the house of the LORD, and shall water the valley of Shittim.
1 "HOUSE": Ps 46:4; Ezek 47:1; Zech 14:8; Rev 22:1
(Joel 3:19 KJV) Egypt shall be a desolation, and Edom shall be a desolate wilderness, for the violence against the children of Judah, because they have shed innocent blood in their land.
(Joel 3:20 KJV) But Judah shall dwell for ever, and Jerusalem from generation to generation.
(Joel 3:21 KJV) For I will cleanse their blood that I have not cleansed: for the LORD dwelleth in Zion.