REVELATION 3

I. MESSAGE 5: SARDIS, THE DYING CHURCH 3:1-6

II. MESSAGE 6: PHILADELPHIA, THE CHURCH OF OP PORTUNITY 3:7-13

III. MESSAGE 7: LAODICEA, THE LUKEWARM CHURCH 3:14-22

The fifth message is to the church at Sardis, the capital of Lydia. The warning "watch" refers to the fall of Sardis to King Cyrus of Greece. Sardis was built on a spot believed to be easily defended. Cyrus took his army up a path on the side of the city that was considered impregnable and captured the city. Croesus, known for his great wealth was king at the time. The chief charge against them is that they have a reputation of being alive, but they are dead. They are to look into their true condition and stabile the truth that is left.

The sixth message is to the church at Philadelphia. The word Philadelphia means "brotherly love." The city was given this name in honor of King Attalus III who had showed great love for his brother Eumenes. The city was located in a region of volcanic activity. The Lord places before Philadelphia a challenge. The word "key of David" refers to Isa. 22:22. The verse means that just as Eliakim had authority over David’s house, Christ now has authority to open and close all doors. The word translated "behold" or "see" is used four times in this message to Philadelphia. The verb is in the middle tense and means, "See for yourself." Each time it refers to an opportunity or to a victory which the Lord will bring. No condemnation is pronounced against this church.

The seventh message is to the church at Laodicea. The word is from "laos" people and "dike" judgement. The church is wealthy in material riches and poor in spiritual possessions. The charge against the church is in- difference. The city was famous for hot mineral baths; whereas, in contrast the church was lukewarm. The Lord prefers hotness or coldness to luke warmness.

TEXT

(Rev 3:1 KJV) And unto the angel[1] of the church[2] in Sardis write[3]; These things saith he that hath[4] the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars; I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead.

1 "ANGEL": See Rev 1:20, note

2 "CHURCH": <Churches> (local): 2:17,23,29; 3:1,6,7; Rev 3:13. (Acts 8:3; Phil 1:1, note)

3 "WRITE": <Inspiration:> 2:18; 3:1,7; Rev 3:14. (Exo 4:15; 2 Tim 3:16, note)

4 "HATH": Rev 1:4,16; cp. Acts 2:33

(Rev 3:2 KJV) Be watchful, and strengthen the things which remain, that are ready to die: for I have not found thy works perfect[1] before God.

1 "PERFECT": See Mat 5:48, note

(Rev 3:3 KJV) Remember[1] therefore how thou hast received and heard, and hold fast, and repent[2]. If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief[3], and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee.

1 "REMEMBER": Cp. Rev 2:5

2 "REPENT": <Repentance:> v. 3; Rev 3:19. (Mat 3:2; Acts 17:30, note)

3 "THIEF": Rev 16:15; cp. Mat 24:43; 1 Th 5:2 - 5

(Rev 3:4 KJV) Thou hast a few names even in Sardis which have not defiled their garments[1]; and they shall walk with me in white: for they are worthy[2].

1 "GARMENTS": <Righteousness> (garment): vv. 4,5; Rev 3:18. (Gen 3:21; Rev 19:8)

2 "WORTHY": Rev 6:11

(Rev 3:5 KJV) He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment[1]; and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life[2], but I will confess[3] his name before my Father, and before his angels[4].

1 "RAIMENT": <Righteousness> (garment): vv. 4,5; Rev 3:18. (Gen 3:21; Rev 19:8)

2 "LIFE": <Life> (eternal): v. 5; Rev 13:8. (Mat 7:14; Rev 22:19)

3 "CONFESS": Luke 12:8

4 "ANGELS": See Heb 1:4, note

(Rev 3:6 KJV) He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit[1] saith unto the churches[2].

1 "SPIRIT": <Holy Spirit> (N.T.): v. 6; Rev 3:13. (Mat 1:18; Acts 2:4, note)

2 "CHURCHES": <Churches> (local): 2:17,23,29; 3:1,6,7; Rev 3:13. (Acts 8:3; Phil 1:1, note)

(Rev 3:7 KJV) And to the angel[1] of the church[2] in Philadelphia write[3]; These things saith he that is holy[4], he that is true[5], he that hath the key of David[6], he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth;

1 "ANGEL": See Rev 1:20, note

2 "CHURCH": <Churches> (local): 2:17,23,29; 3:1,6,7; Rev 3:13. (Acts 8:3; Phil 1:1, note)

3 "WRITE": <Inspiration:> 2:18; 3:1,7; Rev 3:14. (Exo 4:15; 2 Tim 3:16, note)

4 "HOLY": Cp. Luke 1:35; 1 Pet 1:16

5 "TRUE": John 14:6; Rev 19:11

6 "DAVID": Isa 22:22

(Rev 3:8 KJV) I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name.

(Rev 3:9 KJV) Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan[1], which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie[2]; behold, I will make them to come and worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee.

1 "SATAN": <Satan:> v. 9; Rev 12:3. (Gen 3:1; Rev 20:10)

2 "LIE": Rev 2:9

(Rev 3:10 KJV) Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep[1] thee from the hour[2] of temptation[3], which shall come upon all the world[4], to try them that dwell upon the earth.

1 "KEEP": 2 Pet 2:9

2 "HOUR": <Tribulation> (the great): v. 10; Rev 7:14. (Ps 2:5; Rev 7:14)

3 "TEMPTATION": <Test-Tempt:> v. 10. (Gen 3:1; James 1:14, note)

4 "WORLD": Gk. <oikoumene .> (See Luke 2:1, note)

(Rev 3:11 KJV) Behold, I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown[1].

1 "CROWN": <Rewards:> v. 11; Rev 4:4. (Dan 12:3; 1 Cor 3:14, note)

(Rev 3:12 KJV) Him that overcometh will I make a pillar[1] in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out[2]: and I will write[3] upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh[4] down out of heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my new name[5].

1 "PILLAR": 1 Ki 7:21; cp. Gal 2:9

2 "OUT": Ps 23:6

3 "WRITE": Rev 22:4

4 "COMETH": Rev 21:2

5 "NAME": Rev 2:17

(Rev 3:13 KJV) He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit[1] saith unto the churches[2].

1 "SPIRIT": <Holy Spirit> (N.T.): v. 13; Rev 4:2. (Mat 1:18; Acts 2:4, note)

2 "CHURCHES": <Churches> (local): vv. 13, 14,22; Rev 22:16. (Acts 8:3; Phil 1:1, note)

(Rev 3:14 KJV) And unto the angel[1] of the church[2] of the Laodiceans write[3]; These things saith the Amen[4], the faithful[5] and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God;

1 "ANGEL": See Rev 1:20, note

2 "CHURCH": <Churches> (local): vv. 13, 14,22; Rev 22:16. (Acts 8:3; Phil 1:1, note)

3 "WRITE": <Inspiration:> v. 14; Rev 14:13. (Exo 4:15; 2 Tim 3:16, note)

4 "AMEN": 2 Cor 1:20

5 "FAITHFUL": Rev 1:5

(Rev 3:15 KJV) I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot[1].

1 "HOT": <Apostasy:> vv. 14 - 18. (Luke 18:8; 2 Tim 3:1, note)

(Rev 3:16 KJV) So then because thou art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spue thee out of my mouth.

(Rev 3:17 KJV) Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked:

(Rev 3:18 KJV) I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment[1], that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.

1 "RAIMENT": <Righteousness> (garment): 3:18; 4:4; Rev 6:11. (Gen 3:21; Rev 19:8)

(Rev 3:19 KJV) As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten[1]: be zealous therefore, and repent[2].

1 "CHASTEN": Heb 12:6

2 "REPENT": <Repentance:> v. 19. (Mat 3:2; Acts 17:30, note)

(Rev 3:20 KJV) Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me[1].

1 "ME": John 14:23

(Rev 3:21 KJV) To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father[1] in his throne[2].

1 "FATHER": This passage, in harmony with Luke 1:32 - 33; Acts 2:30,34 - 35; 15:14 - 16, is conclusive that Christ is not now seated upon His own throne. The Davidic Covenant (see 2 Sam 7:16, note) and the promises of God through the prophets and the Angel Gabriel concerning the Messianic kingdom await fulfillment. It is in a still future day that God will give to His Son, once crowned with thorns by men, the crown of His father, David.

2 "THRONE": <Kingdom> (N.T.): v. 21; Rev 5:1. (Mat 2:2; 1 Cor 15:24, note)

(Rev 3:22 KJV) He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit[1] saith unto the churches[2].

1 "SPIRIT": <Holy Spirit> (N.T.): v. 13; Rev 4:2. (Mat 1:18; Acts 2:4, note)

2 "CHURCHES": <Churches> (local): vv. 13, 14,22; Rev 22:16. (Acts 8:3; Phil 1:1, note)