REVELATION 14

 

I. THE FOURTH EVENT: THE LAMB AND THE 144,000 14:1-5

II. THE FIFTH EVENT: THE ANGELS PROCLAIMING THE GOSPEL, ANNOUNCING

BABYLONíS DOOM AND WORSHIPERS OF THE BEAST 14:6-13

III. THE SIXTH EVENT: THE SON OF MAN 14:14-20

Chapter 14 gives a preview of the future events that will occur in Revelation.

In verses 1-5 John sees a lamb standing on Mount Zion with the 144,000. The 144,000 were first introduced in chapter 7. There they were sealed by God. They are now singing a song that only they can learn. This is heavenly Jerusalem rather than earthly Jerusalem, because they are before the throne, the four living creatures, the elders and are redeemed from the earth, verse 3.

In verses 6-7 an angel flies through the mist of heaven with the everlasting gospel. In verses 4-8 another angel follows and announces the fall of Babylon. In verses 9-12 another angel follows and announces that anyone worshiping the beast and his image or receiving the mark will be doomed. After the message of the three angels John hears a voice from heaven telling him that he is to write that the believers who died during the tribulation are blessed.

The Son of Man is Christ. The cloud signifies the sign of the second coming of Christ. The white signifies the purity of Christ, Matthew 24:30. The golden crown signifies divine royalty. The sharp sickle signifies judgement.

The seventh event Johnís the fourth vision is in 15:2-4 where those who are standing on the sea of glass are singing the song of Moses and the song of the lamb. In Greek both are preceded by the definite article which probably means they sang two songs. The song of Moses is surely Deuteronomy 31:30-32:43, which he composed and taught to his people. It is amazing that Mosesí song presents a panoramic view of Israelís entire history from its beginning to its end. This song will prepare Israel to accept their Messiah when he returns. The song of the Lamb must be a song that glorifies Christ. It could be Psalm 22 or a similar song that glorifies Christís character and work.

 

TEXT w/ Scofield Notes

(Rev 14:1 KJV) And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb[1] stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty and four thousand[2], having his Father's name written[3] in their foreheads.

1 "LAMB": Rev 5:6

2 "THOUSAND": Rev 7:4

3 "WRITTEN": Rev 7:3; 22:4; cp. Rev 13:16

(Rev 14:2 KJV) And I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice[1] of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder: and I heard the voice of harpers[2] harping with their harps:

1 "VOICE": Rev 19:6

2 "HARPERS": Cp. Rev 15:2

(Rev 14:3 KJV) And they sung as it were a new song before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the elders: and no man[1] could learn that song but the hundred and forty and four thousand, which were redeemed[2] from the earth.

1 "MAN": Cp. Rev 5:9

2 "REDEEMED": See Rom 3:24, note

(Rev 14:4 KJV) These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow[1] the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed[2] from among men, being the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb.

1 "FOLLOW": Rev 7:17

2 "REDEEMED": See Rom 3:24, note

(Rev 14:5 KJV) And in their mouth was found no guile: for they[1] are without fault before the throne of God.

1 "THEY": <Remnant:> vv. 1 - 5; Rev 20:4. (Isa 1:9; Rom 11:5, note)

(Rev 14:6 KJV) And I saw another angel[1] fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel[2] to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people,

1 "ANGEL": See Heb 1:4, note

2 "GOSPEL": The Gospel, Summary: The word "gospel" means <good news.> As used in the N.T., the word deals with different aspects of divine revelation. Absolutely essential to man's salvation is the Gospel of the grace of God (Rom 2:16, refs.). This is the good news that Jesus Christ died on the cross for the sins of the world, that He was raised from the dead on account of our justification, and that by Him all who believe are justified from all things. It is described as the Gospel "of God" (Rom 1:1) because it originates in His love; "of Christ" (2 Cor 10:14) because it flows from His sacrifice, and because He is the object of faith; "the grace of God" (Acts 20:24) because it saves those whom the law curses; "glorious" (2 Cor 4:4; cp. 1 Tim 1:11) because it concerns Him who is in the glory and who is bringing many sons to glory (Heb 2:10); "of your salvation" (Eph 1:13) because it is "the power of God unto salvation to every one who believeth" (Rom 1:16); and "of peace" (Eph 6:15) because through Christ it makes peace between the believing sinner and God, and makes inward peace possible.

Another aspect of the good news is "the gospel of the kingdom" (Mat 4:23), i.e. the good news that God purposes to set up on the earth the kingdom of Christ, the Son of David, in fulfillment of the Davidic Covenant (2 Sam 7:16, note). The good news of this kingdom was announced by the O.T. prophets (Isa 9:6 - 7), by Christ in His first coming (Mat 9:35), and will be proclaimed during the great tribulation (Mat 24:14).

The "everlasting gospel" (Rev 14:6ff.) is described as the announcement of divine judgment upon the wicked in the coming great tribulation. It is good news for the suffering believers as it heralds their coming deliverance and reward (cp. v. 12). In view of this those who "dwell on the earth" are exhorted to fear God and worship Him (v. 7).

The good news of divine revelation is contrasted with "another gospel" (2 Cor 11:4; Gal 1:6) which Paul states is "is not another," but a perversion of the Gospel of the grace of God. We are warned against all its seductive forms which deny the sufficiency of grace alone to save, keep, and perfect. Its teachers lie under the awful anathema of God (Gal 1:9).

The word "gospel," therefore, includes various aspects of the good news of divine revelation. But the fact that God has proclaimed the good news of the Gospel of grace, the Gospel of the coming kingdom, and the everlasting Gospel of divine judgment upon the wicked and deliverance of believers does not mean that there is more than one Gospel of salvation. Grace is the basis for salvation in all dispensations, and is under all circumstances the only way of salvation from sin.

<Gospel:> vv. 6 - 7. (Gen 12:3; Rev 14:6)

(Rev 14:7 KJV) Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.

(Rev 14:8 KJV) And there followed another angel[1], saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city[2], because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication[3].

1 "ANGEL": See Heb 1:4, note

2 "CITY": Rev 17:5

3 "FORNICATION": Rev 18:2

(Rev 14:9 KJV) And the third angel[1] followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image[2], and receive his mark[3] in his forehead, or in his hand,

1 "ANGEL": See Heb 1:4, note

2 "IMAGE": Rev 13:14 -15

3 "MARK": Rev 13:16

(Rev 14:10 KJV) The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God[1], which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented[2] with fire and brimstone in the presence[3] of the holy angels[4], and in the presence of the Lamb:

1 "GOD": Ps 75:8; Rev 16:19; cp. Jer 25:15

2 "TORMENTED": Cp. Rev 20:10

3 "PRESENCE": 2 Th 1:9

4 "ANGELS": See Heb 1:4, note

(Rev 14:11 KJV) And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever[1]: and they have no rest day nor night[2], who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.

1 "EVER": Cp. Isa 66:23 - 24; Mark 9:48; Rev 19:3

2 "NIGHT": Cp. Rev 4:8

(Rev 14:12 KJV) Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments[1] of God, and the faith of Jesus.

1 "COMMANDMENTS": <Law> (of Moses): v. 12. (Exo 19:1; Gal 3:24, note)

(Rev 14:13 KJV) And I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, Write[1], Blessed[2] are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth: Yea, saith the Spirit[3], that they may rest from their labours; and their works do follow them[4].

1 "WRITE": <Inspiration:> v. 13; Rev 19:9. (Exo 4:15; 2 Tim 3:16, note)

2 "BLESSED": Cp. 1 Cor 15:51 - 53; Phil 1:23

3 "SPIRIT": <Holy Spirit> (N.T.): v. 13; Rev 17:3. (Mat 1:18; Acts 2:4, note)

4 "THEM": 1 Cor 3:11 - 15; 15:58

(Rev 14:14 KJV) And I looked, and behold a white cloud, and upon the cloud one sat like unto the Son of man[1], having on his head a golden crown[2], and in his hand a sharp sickle[3].

1 "MAN": Cp. Mat 24:30; 26:64; Rev 1:7

2 "CROWN": Cp. Rev 19:12

3 "SICKLE": Cp. Mark 4:29

(Rev 14:15 KJV) And another angel[1] came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to him that sat on the cloud, Thrust in thy sickle, and reap: for the time is come for thee to reap; for the harvest of the earth is ripe[2].

1 "ANGEL": See Heb 1:4, note

2 "RIPE": Cp. Jer 51:33

(Rev 14:16 KJV) And he that sat on the cloud thrust in his sickle on the earth; and the earth was reaped[1].

1 "REAPED": Cp. Mat 13:30, 36 - 43; Luke 3:17

(Rev 14:17 KJV) And another angel[1] came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle.

1 "ANGEL": See Heb 1:4, note

(Rev 14:18 KJV) And another angel[1] came out from the altar, which had power over fire[2]; and cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth[3]; for her grapes are fully ripe[4].

1 "ANGEL": See Heb 1:4, note

2 "FIRE": Cp. Rev 16:8

3 "EARTH": Joel 3:13

4 "RIPE": Cp. 2 Th 2:7 - 12

(Rev 14:19 KJV) And the angel[1] thrust in his sickle into the earth, and gathered the vine of the earth, and cast it into the great winepress of the wrath of God.

1 "ANGEL": See Heb 1:4, note

(Rev 14:20 KJV) And the winepress[1] was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the winepress, even unto the horse bridles, by the space of a thousand and six hundred furlongs[2].

1 "WINEPRESS": Isa 63:1 - 6; Rev 19:15

2 "FURLONGS": See Measures and Weights (N.T.), Acts 27:28, note